The Australian government’s Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (GEMS) act comes hand-in hand with ‘Determinations’ which specify the standards that any goods must meet before being allowed to go on sale. But as the agency strives to drive improvements in energy efficiency, the standards for appliances and equipment are regularly reviewed.

An Energy Rating Sticker on an Electrical Appliance


Any review by the government’s E3 programme (Equipment Energy Efficiency) can result in updated criteria for existing GEMS standards as well as the formulation of entirely new requirements.
Currently, the E3 programme is looking at a shortlist of 34 products, of which the agency says 26 are ‘top priority’ as they’re not currently regulated in Australia or New Zealand, but are regulated or endorsed elsewhere. The following are the products under investigation.

Products whose current standards will imminently expire:

  • Ballasts for fluorescent lamps
  • Transformers and converters for ELV lamps
  • Close control air conditioners
  • Distribution transformers
  • Set-top boxes
  • Computers
  • Computer monitors
  • External power supplies
  • Electric water heaters
  • Commercial chillers

Commercial and industrial products:

  • Pumps
  • Air compressors
  • Industrial boilers
  • Fan units
  • Electric motors
  • Cool rooms
  • Commercial ice makers
  • Commercial dishwashers
  • Commercial deep fryers
  • Commercial ovens
  • Commercial hot food holding cabinets
  • Office equipment: printers and MFDs
  • Lighting equipment (products not yet regulated, including some residential products)

Residential products:

  • Residential ovens
  • Residential cooktops
  • Residential rangehoods
  • Battery chargers
  • Ceiling fans
  • Water dispensers
  • Vacuum cleaners
  • Network standby
  • Small network equipment
  • Residential space heating
  • Residential water heating (assessment tool)


The entire process of reviewing, shortlisting, consulting and producing new or updated standards and legislation takes a minimum of three years, having begun in 2021. Consultations with community and industry stakeholders have already taken place on many of the shortlisted products, the latest round of which closed in July 2023. This indicates that there’s a high likelihood of revised legislation appearing in 2024.

Ultimately, the government’s aim is to update much of its regulation to meet the current exacting standards required by the European Union. Any new requirements that come forwards will be published under the Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards Act 2012 (the GEMS Act).

If your company requires help complying with the many product and equipment standards published in the GEMS Act please contact us.

This communication (including any attachment) has been prepared by BWES and is based on the available information at the time of publication and is believed to be true and accurate. The information contained in this communication should be used as a guide only and may cease to apply if applicable regulation or the product’s design or application is altered. BWES does not take responsibility for any Injury, Loss for damage suffered by any party’s interpretation or decisions made by any party on the information provided in this communication.